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Neck and Shoulder Pain Causes and ways to relieve pain

What causes neck pain?
Causes of neck pain include abnormalities in the bone or joints, trauma, poor posture, degenerative diseases, and tumors. Pain in the soft tissues (muscles, tendons, and ligaments) is the most common cause of neck pain and usually occurs as a result of an acute or a chronic muscle strain. The neck is very mobile, which means it is less stable than other areas of the body and more easily injured.

What causes shoulder pain?
The shoulder is a ball and socket joint with a large range of movement. Such a mobile joint tends to be more susceptible to injury. Shoulder pain can stem from one or more of the following causes:
Strains from overexertion
Tendinitis from overuse
Shoulder joint instability
Dislocation
Collar or upper arm bone fractures
“Frozen” shoulder
Pinched nerves

How are neck and shoulder pain diagnosed?
X-rays can be helpful in diagnosing neck and shoulder pain. Plain X-rays can reveal disc space narrowing, rheumatologic disease, destructive lesions, slippage, stenosis, fractures, and instability with flexion-extension views.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive procedure that can reveal the detail of neural (nerve-related) elements.
Myelography/CT scanning is sometimes used as an alternative to MRI.
Electrodiagnostic studies—electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV)—also might aid in the diagnosis of neck and shoulder pain, arm pain, numbness, and tingling.

How are neck and shoulder pain treated?
The treatment of soft tissue neck and shoulder pain includes the use of anti-inflammatory medicine and/or acetaminophen (such as Tylenol®). Pain also might be treated with a local application of moist heat or ice. Alocal corticosteroid injection is often helpful for arthritis of the shoulder. For both neck and shoulder pain movement exercises can have positive results. For cases in which nerve roots or the spinal cord are involved, surgical procedures might be necessary.

4 ways to relieve pain from a shoulder problem
Resting from activities that aggravate pain
Physical therapy exercises
Icing the shoulder, especially at night
Anti-inflammatory medications


5 ways to relieve pain from a shoulder problem

Our shoulders are the most mobile joint in the body, allowing us to carry out an endless list of motions. In fact, there are very few movements we make in the course of the day that don’t involve the shoulder joint. That also means they’re highly vulnerable to injury and generally take a long time to heal. Luckily, there are ways to keep your shoulders strong and healthy — for the long haul. Try these expert-approved tips to stay injury-free.

1. Strengthen External Rotators
One of the most common injuries that occurs within the shoulder is a subacromial impingement, which causes pain during internal rotation — the same motion that lets you throw a ball. By strengthening the external rotators, Morey Kolber, PT, PhD, associate professor in the physical therapy department at Nova Southeastern University in Florida, says it reduces the chances of shoulder impingement and pain. Try adding some band- or cable-resisted external rotations to your warm-up to start galvanizing your shoulders.
2. Avoid Lateral Raises above 90 Degrees
A common cause of subacromial impingement is doing lateral raises too high. Some trainers instruct raising the arms to ear-level, therefore above 90 degrees, and many lifters listen for a simple reason — they work. However, as Kolber explains, “When we abduct our arms, or raise them out to the side, our shoulders need to externally rotate to prevent impingement.” Problem is, the most likely point of impingement is at 90 degrees, he says.

3. Fix Your Upright Row
Another move associated with impingement syndrome is the upright row. This is a safe and effective shoulder building exercise, as long as once again it is performed with good form and at a safe range. When doing an upright row, make sure your elbows never go above shoulder height. Or, opt for a different exercise altogether. “Try swapping it for a high pull instead to get some other muscles involved in the movement”.

4. High Five! Or Not…
You know that position you assume when going to give your partner a high five after a great set? Elbow bent 90 degrees, hand raised in the air? It is suggested that avoiding the 90/90 position during a dumbbell military press or behind-the-neck pull-down. This prevents anterior instability, a condition that has been linked to posterior tightness and several other shoulder injuries more serious than impingement syndrome. It is recommended that presses Shoulder with a neutral grip (elbows pointed towards the mirror), and performing let pull-downs in front of the neck to avoid vulnerable positions and reduce the risk of injury.
5. Slow Down
Many lifters and trainers know that eccentric muscle action, or “negatives” as they are commonly referred to, are great muscle-building moves. The science goes a little deeper than that, though. “Evidence suggests that eccentric training may offer a greater anabolic response at the tissue, which is needed for recovery and repair”. Try slowing down during the lowering phase of your lifts to see increases in size, strength and stability — and a decrease in risk of injury — in your shoulders.

Maybe your shoulders are bugging you already or maybe they’re just fine. Either way, these methods listed above are great ways to reduce your risk of injury (or further damage) or build ironclad shoulders that can stand up even to the worst positions you put them in.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.


NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey.

NJPSSA is a leading pain treatment clinic located in central New Jersey. We are committed to providing each patient the most comprehensive and exceptional level of treatment. We handle all personal, work-related, sports and motor-vehicle injuries as well as acute and chronic pain.
Our center uses advanced diagnostic testing to investigate the source of your pain.

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