Headache is defined as pain in the head or upper neck. It is one of the most common locations of pain in the body and has many causes.
There are three major categories of headaches:
- Tension Headache
- Migraine Headache
- Cluster Headache
- The symptoms of a Tension Headache include watery eyes, runny nose, pressure in the eyebrow area, and even vomiting in some cases. In severe tension headaches, sensitivity to light can be experienced even though the pain isn’t severe enough to make it a migraine headache.
- The common symptoms of migraine include nausea and a throbbing pain in one temple. The pain can transfer to the other temple, which result to a “unilateral attack.” Because the pain can transfer from one temple to the other, the sufferer often think that the pain is spreading. Migraine sufferers often feel pain right behind their eyes, and in some cases, the blood vessels in the eye become inflamed. When a migraine headache is occurring, sufferers often become very sensitive to light and sound. A migraine headache can last from a couple of hours to a couple of days. Many people who suffer from migraine headaches notice that they crave sweets, are tired or they have trouble sleeping before a migraine is about to come on.
- Cluster headaches are more painful than migraines, but both types of headaches share similar symptoms. Cluster headaches can last up to an hour, but can re-occur each day around the same time. Most people get cluster headaches suddenly and then they continue to happen for weeks or months at a time.
Treatment may include use of oral medications and in some cases injection treatment.